Royaume-Uni

Les faits sur l'énergie solaire de Royaume-Uni ont été fournis par des experts d'installation de panneaux solaires de ce pays. Pour de meilleurs conseils, s'il vous plaît cliquez sur le bouton "Thumbs Up" - les réponses avec le plus de votes apparaissent en haut! Si vous avez d'autres questions sur l'installation de systèmes d'énergie solaire en Royaume-Uni, vous pouvez poser votre question ci-dessous et elle sera soumise à nos experts.

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Financial Incentives
- Feed-in tariffs and other government financial incentives

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Sep 5th 2013The Feed in Tariff is an incentive provided by the Government in order to increase domestic and commercial installation of solar panels (and other renewable electricity generation technology).  By encouraging consumers and businesses to generate their own renewable electricity the UK can reduce its carbon footprint, work towards meeting its carbon reduction targets and reduce its reliance on fossil fuels.  The Feed in Tariff also sets to benefit consumers and businesses as you are paid a rate for each unit of electricity that you generate using your solar panels, even if you go on to use the electricity yourself.  Any extra unused electricity can be fed back into the grid and you receive an extra lower rate for this electricity.

Feed in tariffs are a particularly good investment as they are fixed from the moment that you join and are indexed linked.  Starting rates are decreasing over time and as more solar panels are installed, so if you are thinking about installing solar panels it is best to do this as soon as possible.

Solar panels are most beneficial when you can use the electricity as you generate it.  You save money through not buying electricity through the grid, and then are also paid for generating and using the electricity generated through the solar panels.  So if you have a high electricity load as a business then the Feed in Tariff will work well in your favour and generate an additional revenue stream.  If you install solar panels for domestic use, then it is best to use electricity hungry appliances such as dishwashers, washing machines and tumble dryers during the day when the electricity you are generating is highest.

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Nov 12th 2013You can benefit from solar energy in three different ways using the available FIT's. A FIT allows you receive a guaranteed payment from your energy supplier, for the energy that you generate as well as a payment for the unused energy which is exported back to the grid.

Generation Tariff - Your electricity provider pays you for each unit (kilowatt) of electricity that you generate.
Export Tariff - If you generate unused energy you can export it back to the grid. You will be paid as well as the generation tariff.
Energy bill Saving - Because you will be importing less electricity you will recieve lower energy bills from your energy supplier.

The Feed-In Tariff is guaranteed for 20 years by law. It doesn't matter if there is a change of Government, and the tariff is not subject to Government cuts. Once your panels are installed, you are legally entitled to receive the payments, fixed at this rate, for 20 years.
The Government will pay you this amount whether or not you use the electricity that you generate. Your payments are index-linked so they are guaranteed to rise in line with inflation.

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Nov 14th 2013In April 2010 the government introduced the Feed in tariff initiative, to encourage the take up of renewable electricity generation. Feed in Tariffs (FITs) are payments made by the energy companies to anyone who installs a PV system to generate their own electricity.

Anyone who installs a PV system is guaranteed a fixed payment for all the electricity they generate, including what they use and what they do not use, for a guaranteed period of 20 years. Backed by the government, these tariffs are aimed at increasing the amount of renewable energy produced and used in the UK. The 2009 EU Renewable Energy Directive set the target to increase the total percentage of energy that comes from renewable sources from 2% (in 2009) to at least 15% by 2020.

FITs are a substantial financial incentive for those choosing to generate their own electricity. Reducing dependence on the National Grid will reduce monthly utility costs, as well as the key benefits listed below.

How the scheme works:
If you are eligible to receive the FIT then you will benefit in these ways:

1. Generation Tariff – a set rate paid by the energy supplier for each unit (or kWh) of electricity you generate. This rate will change each year for new entrants to the scheme, but once you have joined you will continue on the same tariff for 20 years for solar electricity. As of the 1st May 2013 the tariff for this is 15.44p/kWh for anything under 4kW, up until the 30th June 2013. The tariff varies depending on the size of the installation, see below for full details.

2. Export Tariff – you will receive a further 4.64p/kWh from your energy supplier for each unit you export back to the electricity grid. This figure is 50% of your generation amount. You get an export tariff for 50% even if you use it yourself as they assume you will use 50%.

3. Energy Bill Savings – you make savings on your electricity bills by using the electricity you generate, therefore not buying as much from your energy provider. The amount you save will vary depending how much of the electricity you use on site. You can only use the electricity whilst it is being produced i.e. during daylight hours.

Feed in Tariffs are TAX FREE for domestic households and index linked for domestic, commercial and industrial installations.
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Return on Investment
- What sort of return on investment can homeowners installing a solar power system expect

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Nov 12th 2013The approximate annual return on your investment* is as follows (ordered by number on panels):

8	7.0 %
10	8.0 %
12	8.0 %
15	8.7 %
18	9.0 %
21	9.3 %

*Based on optimum performance; actual results and incomes may vary depending on local factors, the weather and the nature of your property.

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Nov 14th 2013There is no short answer to this. Each installation is different and various factors play a part in what kind of return you will receive. The best way to gauge this is to allow your installer to carry out a site survey and assessment and produce a quotation to suit your individual installation needs. They could then provide you with a full calculation of your potential savings and income. You can also look at case studies from the websites of installation companies for some real life examples.

Recommended Sites
- Useful non-commercial solar websites for homeowners and businesses that want to learn more

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Nov 12th 2013HMG
https://www.gov.uk/feed-in-tariffs

If you generate your own electricity (eg with solar panels or a wind turbine) your energy supplier might pay you money. This is called a ‘Feed-in Tariff’ (FIT).

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Nov 14th 2013National Inspection Council for Electrical Installation Contracting
http://www.niceic.com/

NICEIC is the UK’s leading voluntary regulatory body for the electrical contracting industry. It has been assessing the electrical competence of electricians for over fifty years and currently maintains a roll of over 26,000 registered contractors.

Choosing an NICEIC registered electrician is a householder’s best way to ensure a safe job. Electricians registered with NICEIC are assessed on a regular basis to ensure high standards and their work is checked against the IEE Wiring Regulations BS 7671 as well as other standards.


Microgeneration Certification Scheme
http://www.microgenerationcertification.org/

The Microgeneration Certification Scheme (MCS) is an industry-led and internationally recognised quality assurance scheme, supported by the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC). MCS itself is an EN 45011 Scheme and was launched in 2008.

MCS certifies microgeneration products used to produce electricity and heat from renewable sources. MCS also certifies installation companies to ensure the microgeneration products have been installed and commissioned to the highest standard for the consumer. The certification is based on a set of installer standards and product scheme requirements which are available in the MCS standards section of the website.

MCS covers electricity generating technologies with a capacity of up to 50kW, and heat generating technologies with a capacity of up to 45kW.


National Association of Professional Inspectors and Testers
http://www.napit.org.uk/

The NAPIT Group are a rapidly expanding association of companies. Comprised of NAPIT Registration, Certification, Services, Inspection, Training, and the NAPIT Trade Association, the NAPIT Group has been established for over 20 years and has grown to become a nationwide organisation working across five different markets.


Renewable Energy Consumer Code
http://www.recc.org.uk/

The Renewable Energy Consumer Code was set up by the Renewable Energy Association. Our aim is to guarantee a high quality experience for consumers wishing to buy or lease small-scale energy generation systems for their homes. The Renewable Energy Consumer Code logo is a sign that the company has agreed to abide by the high standards set out in our Consumer Code.


Contractors Health and Safety Assessment Scheme
http://www.chas.co.uk/

CHAS is established as the market leader for health and safety pre-qualification in the UK. It is available to suppliers (those who provide goods and services) and to organisations (buyers) looking for suitably competent suppliers.


TrustMark
http://www.trustmark.org.uk/

TrustMark helps you find reliable, trustworthy tradesmen to make improvements and repairs inside and outside your home. It is a not for profit organisation supported by Government, the building industry, retailers and consumer protection groups.


Construction Online
http://www.constructionline.co.uk/

At the heart of what they do is their national online database, the UK's largest register for pre-qualified contractors and consultants. In terms of efficiency, time and cost saving and best practice, Constructionline is proven to deliver for public and private sector organisations alike. Their service is recommended by the OGC Common Minimum Standards and The Local Government Task Force.


United Kingdom Accreditation Service
http://www.ukas.com/

The United Kingdom Accreditation Service is the sole national accreditation body recognised by government to assess, against internationally agreed standards, organisations that provide certification, testing, inspection and calibration services.

Accreditation by UKAS demonstrates the competence, impartiality and performance capability of these evaluators. UKAS is a non-profit-distributing private company, limited by guarantee. UKAS is independent of Government but is appointed as the national accreditation body by Accreditation Regulations 2009 (SI No 3155/2009) and the EU Regulation (EC) 765/2008 and operates under a Memorandum of Understanding with the Government through the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills.
UKAS is licensed by BIS to use and confer the national accreditation symbols (formerly national accreditation marks) which symbolise Government recognition of the accreditation process. 
UKAS accreditation provides an assurance of the competence, impartiality and integrity of conformity assessment bodies. UKAS accredited certification, testing and calibration and inspection reduces the need for suppliers to be assessed by each of their customers. UKAS' involvement in international groups provides for mutual recognition which further reduces the need for multiple assessments of suppliers and as a consequence helps to reduce barriers to trade. It is therefore BIS policy to recommend the use of UKAS accredited conformity assessment services whenever this is an option.

Other Benefits
- Eg. Energy Performance Certificate benefits for homes in UK

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Nov 12th 2013Your solar installation will also add to the value of your home.

Planning Requirements
- Government regulations relating to installations of solar power systems on homes and commercial buildings

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Nov 12th 2013Most domestic solar installations don't require planning permission, unless your home is a listed building or in a conservation area.

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Nov 14th 2013It is our understanding that you do not need planning permission for most home solar systems, as long as they are below a certain size and are not in a conservation area – but you should check with your local planning officer, especially if your home is a listed building, or is in a conservation area etc.

Solar Suitability
- How suitable is the climate in the country for solar electricity

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Nov 14th 2013Some people believe that there isn’t enough sunlight in the UK to generate electricity through a solar PV system, this is incorrect. A PV system will produce electricity even on a cloudy day, the pv system runs off sunlight, not from the heat. The important thing to remember is that solar power depends on intensity of light, not necessarily direct sunlight. Solar panels are most effective when they are south facing and are at a 30 degree angle to the sun, preferably without any shading from trees, buildings etc. Solar panels can still be effective on east or west facing roofs but south facing is the most effective.

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Nov 14th 2013Some people believe that there isn’t enough sunlight in the UK to generate electricity through a solar PV system, this is incorrect. A PV system will produce electricity even on a cloudy day, the pv system runs off sunlight, not from the heat. The important thing to remember is that solar power depends on intensity of light, not necessarily direct sunlight. Solar panels are most effective when they are south facing and are at a 30 degree angle to the sun, preferably without any shading from trees, buildings etc. Solar panels can still be effective on east or west facing roofs but south facing is the most effective.

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Nov 22nd 2013The South West of the UK has more than enough hours of Sunlight for Solar Electricity

Questions pour experts

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